The Geneva Agreement Of 1954

All parties to the conference called for new elections, but could not agree on the details. Pham Van Dong proposed elections under the supervision of “local commissions. The United States, with the support of Britain and countries associated with Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, has proposed UN oversight. Molotov opposed it, arguing for a commission with an equal number of communist and non-communist members, which could only determine “important” issues unanimously. [15] Negotiators could not agree on a date for the reunification elections. The DRV argued that the elections were to take place within six months of the ceasefire, and Western allies tried not to have a deadline. Molotov proposed June 1955, then later in 1955 and finally July 1956. [5]:610 The government supported the government of reunification, but only with effective international oversight; it argued that truly free elections were impossible in the totalitarian North. [16] 5. 1954/55, the United States launched Operation Passage to Freedom to help Vietnamese civilians relocate from north to south.

It was a humanitarian mission, but it was also used as propaganda. GENEVA ACCORDS MAJORS COMMISSIONS 1954 Three cessation of hostilities agreements for Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia The conference was held on 26 April 1954 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. The first item on the agenda was the Korean question, which was to follow Indochina. [5]:549 Behind the scenes, the U.S. and French governments continued to discuss the conditions for a possible U.S. military intervention in Indochina. [5]:563-6 Until May 29, the United States and the French had agreed that if the conference were not to conclude an acceptable peace agreement, Eisenhower would win congressional approval for military intervention in Indochina. [5]:568-9 After discussions with the Australian and New Zealand authorities, it became clear that neither U.S. military intervention would support reports of declining morality of the French Union armed forces and the resistance of Chief of Staff Matthew Ridgway in the United States.

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